Quote from the NPIP Website: The National Poultry Improvement Plan was initiated to eliminate Pullorum Disease caused by Salmonella pullorum which was rampant in poultry and could cause upwards of 80% mortality in baby poultry. The program was later extended and refined to include testing and monitoring for Salmonella typhoid, Salmonella enteritidis, Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplasma synoviae, Mycoplasma meleagridis, and Avian Influenza. In addition, the NPIP currently includes commercial poultry, turkeys, waterfowl, exhibition poultry, backyard poultry, and game birds. The technical and management provisions of the NPIP have been developed jointly by Industry members and State and Federal officials. These criteria have established standards for the evaluation of poultry with respect to freedom from NPIP diseases.
We always recommend you buy your chicks from a NPIP source.
Please don't mistake NPIP certification to mean that a breeder is tested for all diseases. There are some tests that are required and some that are optional. What we love about working with other NPIP breeders is that we know that a state agency has looked over their birds before any testing. State inspectors are not going to test visibly sick birds!
When the state inspector comes here, he suits up like he is entering some disease infested, biohazardous place. He takes no chances or bringing us disease from another farm. He even brings all his own sanitized equipment and resanitizes it before putting back into his truck. He holds each bird, checks their individual band ID number, gives them a quick once over and then draws blood or does a throat swab (sometimes both). Boy, are the birds angry when he is done! When he is finished testing, he submits the test samples to the lab. We get our results and keep them as a part of each birds history. Every 90 days the State Inspector is back to check the birds again.
In addition to testing we must record all of our sales, track our egg production and hatching, report and log any physical losses and maintain strict biosecurity protocols.
Other states do it differently. Some states only test once a year or twice. Our state tests a lot and also has recently added and annual fee. This is an expense we must bare if we want to sell and ship chicks or eggs.